Description of biotope or habitat type
Porphyra purpurea and Enteromorpha spp. on sand-scoured mid or lower eulittoral rock
Habitat (physical) description
|Salinity||Full (30-35 ppt), Variable (18-35 ppt)|
|Wave exposure||Exposed, Moderately exposed|
|Depth Band||Mid shore|
Download comparative physical and biological data. The comparative tables enable a rapid comparison of the species composition and principal physical characteristics between a given set of biotopes.
- Records used to define the biotope (core records)
- Other records assigned to this biotope, marked as 'certain'
- Other records assigned to this biotope, marked as 'uncertain'
Point data based on records in the UK Marine Recorder Snapshot.
Exposed and moderately exposed mid-shore bedrock and boulders occurring adjacent to areas of sand which significantly affects the rock. As a consequence of sand-abrasion, wracks such as Fucus vesiculosus or Fucus spiralis are scarce and the community is typically dominated by ephemeral red or green seaweeds, particularly the foliose red seaweed Porphyra purpurea and green seaweeds such as Enteromorpha spp. Under the blanket of ephemeral seaweeds, the barnacles Semibalanus balanoides or Elminius modestus and the limpet Patella vulgata may occur in the less scoured areas, along with the occasional winkles Littorina littorea and Littorina saxatilis. Few other species are present.
Usually found below the species impoverished biotope dominated by Enteromorpha spp. (Ent) and above the F. spiralis zone (Fspi). It may replace the zone dominated by the wrack Pelvetia canaliculata (PelB). In areas where sand abrasion is less severe, the sand-binding red alga Rhodothamniella floridula occurs with other sand-tolerant seaweeds and the wrack Fucus serratus (Rho), along with the mussel Mytilus edulis.
Seasonal fluctuations in the abundance of the Enteromorpha spp. and the P. purpurea will occur, especially as a result of storm action.
|Taxon||Relative importance of taxon for defining this community (%)||Typical abundance - SACFOR scale||% of core records where taxon was recorded|
|Elminius modestus||2||Occasional||21-40 %|
|Semibalanus balanoides||6||Occasional||41-60 %|
|Patella vulgata||3||Occasional||21-40 %|
|Littorina littorea||7||Occasional||41-60 %|
|Littorina saxatilis||3||Occasional||21-40 %|
|Mytilus edulis||2||Frequent||21-40 %|
|Porphyra purpurea||11||Frequent||41-60 %|
|Fucus vesiculosus||3||Occasional||21-40 %|
|Enteromorpha intestinalis||3||21-40 %|
|Enteromorpha prolifera||2||21-40 %|
|Ulva lactuca||2||Frequent||21-40 %|