Description of biotope or habitat type
Coralline crusts and Paracentrotus lividus in shallow eulittoral rockpools
Habitat (physical) description
|Salinity||Full (30-35 ppt)|
|Wave exposure||Very exposed, Exposed|
Download comparative physical and biological data. The comparative tables enable a rapid comparison of the species composition and principal physical characteristics between a given set of biotopes.
- Records used to define the biotope (core records)
- Other records assigned to this biotope, marked as 'certain'
- Other records assigned to this biotope, marked as 'uncertain'
Point data based on records in the UK Marine Recorder Snapshot.
Shallow and relatively smal rockpools throughout the eulittoral zone on very exposed to exposed shores, characterised by a covering of encrusting coralline algae on which Corallina officinalis forms a dense turf. The bottom of these pools can be covered in coarse gravel and cobbles. In south and west Ireland these coralline pools may be dominated by the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus and the seaweed diversity is generally low due to the grazing pressure of P. lividus, the top shells Gibbula cineraria and Gibbula umbilicalis, and winkles such as Littorina littorea. Within the pools, pits and crevices are often occupied by the anemone such as Actinia equina and Anemonia viridis and small individuals of the mussel Mytilus edulis. The siphonous green seaweed Codium spp. can also be present along with the wrack Himanthalia elongata and the brown seaweed Leathesia difformis and the filamentous red seaweed Ceramium spp. The barnacle Semibalanus balanoides is either absent or occurs at low abundance in these rockpools, presumably due to the grazing pressure on the larval stage and the predation pressure from the whelk Nucella lapillus. Soft bedrock, such as limestone, allows P. lividus to bore into the rock.
Rockpools throughout the eulittoral and lower littoral fringe in bedrock on very exposed to exposed shores.
The ephemeral green seaweeds Enteromorpha intestinalis and Ulva lactuca can occur during the summer.
|Taxon||Relative importance of taxon for defining this community (%)||Typical abundance - SACFOR scale||% of core records where taxon was recorded|
|Actinia equina||8||Frequent||81-100 %|
|Anemonia viridis||1||Rare||41-60 %|
|Gibbula cineraria||1||Frequent||21-40 %|
|Gibbula umbilicalis||4||Occasional||61-80 %|
|Patella vulgata||6||Frequent||61-80 %|
|Littorina littorea||3||Common||41-60 %|
|Nucella lapillus||2||Occasional||41-60 %|
|Mytilus edulis||1||Occasional||41-60 %|
|Paracentrotus lividus||17||Common||81-100 %|
|Corallina officinalis||11||Common||81-100 %|
|Leathesia difformis||1||Occasional||41-60 %|
|Himanthalia elongata||1||Rare||41-60 %|
|Enteromorpha intestinaloides||5||Frequent||41-60 %|
|Ulva lactuca||5||Occasional||61-80 %|