Description of biotope or habitat type
Neomysis integer and Gammarus spp. in fluctuating low salinity infralittoral mobile sand
Habitat (physical) description
|Salinity||Reduced (18-30ppt), Low (<18ppt)|
|Wave exposure||Very sheltered|
|Tidal streams||Strong (3-6 kn)|
|Substratum||Fine to very fine muddy sand|
|Depth Band||0-5 m, 5-10 m|
|Other Features||Surface veneer of mud may be present at slack water|
Download comparative physical and biological data. The comparative tables enable a rapid comparison of the species composition and principal physical characteristics between a given set of biotopes.
- Records used to define the biotope (core records)
- Other records assigned to this biotope, marked as 'certain'
- Other records assigned to this biotope, marked as 'uncertain'
- Predicted extent of the level 3 (for sublittoral rock & deep sea) or 4 (for sublittoral sediment) habitat
Upper estuary mobile fine muddy sands with very low fluctuating salinity characterised by the mysid shrimp Neomysis integer (see Arndt 1991) and amphipods of the genus Gammarus spp. This habitat has a rather sparse infauna and species such as N. integer will most likely be found on the sediment surface or just above it whilst Gammarus may be under loose weed, stones or other detritus on the sediment surface. The harsh physicochemical regime imposed by such environmental conditions in the upper estuary leads to a relatively impoverished community but high densities of the mobile, salinity-tolerant, crustaceans can occur. The biotope is found in the transitional zone between freshwater and brackish environments, relying on the decreased freshwater input during the summer for penetration of the brackish species up-stream. As such this biotope may also contain elements of freshwater communities.
It may be found in conjunction with SMuVS.LhofTtub, although it lacks appreciable numbers of oligochaetes.
Numbers of Neomysis may to fluctuate on a seasonal basis due high over wintering mortality (Gameson 1982) and the location of this biotope within the estuary may also shift upstream or downstream on a seasonal or yearly basis related in part to the freshwater flow into the estuary as has been noted in the Humber (Allen et al. 2003).
|Taxon||Relative importance of taxon for defining this community (%)||Typical abundance - SACFOR scale||Typical abundance - (count per m2)||% of core records where taxon was recorded|
|Neomysis integer||82||Frequent||33||81-100 %|
|Gammarus salinus||17||14||61-80 %|