Description of biotope or habitat type
Pomatoceros triqueter with barnacles and bryozoan crusts on unstable circalittoral cobbles and pebbles
Physical habitat description
|Salinity||Full (30-35 ppt)|
|Wave exposure||Very exposed, Exposed, Moderately exposed|
|Tidal streams||Strong (3-6 kn), Moderately strong (1-3 kn)|
|Substratum||Cobbles and pebbles with sand|
|Depth Band||5-10 m, 10-20 m, 20-30 m, 30-50 m|
|Other Features||Mobile substrata|
Download comparative physical and biological data. The comparative tables enable a rapid comparison of the species composition and principal physical characteristics between a given set of biotopes.
- Records used to define the biotope (core records)
- Other records assigned to this biotope, marked as 'certain'
- Other records assigned to this biotope, marked as 'uncertain'
- Predicted extent of the level 3 (for sublittoral rock & deep sea) or 4 (for sublittoral sediment) habitat
This biotope is characterised by a few ubiquitous robust and/or fast growing ephemeral species which are able to colonise pebbles and unstable cobbles and slates which are regularly moved by wave and tidal action. The main cover organisms tend to be restricted to calcareous tube worms such as Pomatoceros triqueter (or P. lamarcki), small barnacles including Balanus crenatus and Balanus balanus, and a few bryozoan and coralline algal crusts. Scour action from the mobile substratum prevents colonisation by more delicate species. Occasionally in tide-swept conditions tufts of hydroids such as Sertularia argentea and Hydrallmania falcata are present. This biotope often grades into SMX.FluHyd which is characterised by large amounts of the above hydroids on stones also covered in Pomatoceros and barnacles. The main difference here is that SMX.FluHyd, seems to develop on more stable, consolidated cobbles and pebbles or larger stones set in sediment in moderate tides. These stones may be disturbed in the winter and therefore long-lived and fragile species are not found.
This biotope is found on exposed open coasts as well as at the entrance to marine inlets.
No temporal data available.
|Taxon||Relative importance of taxon for defining this community (%)||Typical abundance - SACFOR scale||% of core records where taxon was recorded|
|Lanice conchilega||1||Occasional||21-40 %|
|Pomatoceros triqueter||61||Frequent||61-80 %|
|Balanus balanus||2||Occasional||21-40 %|
|Balanus crenatus||3||Frequent||21-40 %|
|Bryozoa indet crusts||5||Frequent||21-40 %|
|Asterias rubens||6||Occasional||41-60 %|
|Echinus esculentus||7||Occasional||41-60 %|
Similar biotopes or habitat types
Classification history of this biotope or habitat type