Description of biotope or habitat type
Branchiostoma lanceolatum in circalittoral coarse sand with shell gravel
Habitat (physical) description
|Salinity||Full (30-35 ppt)|
|Wave exposure||Moderately exposed, Sheltered|
|Substratum||Medium to coarse sand with some gravel or shell gravel|
|Depth Band||20-30 m, 30-50 m, 50-100 m|
Download comparative physical and biological data. The comparative tables enable a rapid comparison of the species composition and principal physical characteristics between a given set of biotopes.
- Records used to define the biotope (core records)
- Other records assigned to this biotope, marked as 'certain'
- Other records assigned to this biotope, marked as 'uncertain'
- Predicted extent of the level 3 (for sublittoral rock & deep sea) or 4 (for sublittoral sediment) habitat
Gravel and coarse sand with shell gravel often contains communities of robust venerid bivalves (SCS.MedLumVen). Shallower examples, such as the biotope presented here, may support a significant population of Branchiostoma lanceolatum. Other conspicuous infauna may include Echinocyamus pusillus, Glycera lapidum, Polygordius, Pisione remota and Arcopagia crassa (in the south of UK). Sessile epifauna are typically a minor component of this community. This biotope has been described from a limited number of records and as such may need revising when further data become available. This biotope is related to the 'Boreal Offshore Gravel Association' and 'Deep Venus Community' described by other workers (Ford 1923; Jones 1951), and may also be closely allied (the same?) as the 'Venus fasciata' community of Cabioch (Glemarec 1973). This biotope may be an epibiotic overlay of the biotope SCS.MoeVen or SCS.MedLumVen.
No situation data available.
No temporal data available.
|Taxon||Relative importance of taxon for defining this community (%)||Typical abundance - SACFOR scale||Typical abundance - (count per m2)||% of core records where taxon was recorded|
|Pisione remota||18||Frequent||60||81-100 %|
|Hesionura elongata||3||20||61-80 %|
|Glycera lapidum||20||Common||70||81-100 %|
|Aglaophamus malmgreni||5||17||81-100 %|
|Paradoneis lyra||1||7||61-80 %|
|Aonides paucibranchiata||1||7||61-80 %|
|Laonice bahusiensis||1||10||61-80 %|
|Echinocyamus pusillus||25||Abundant||170||81-100 %|
|Branchiostoma lanceolatum||10||Abundant||37||81-100 %|
Not applicable or unknown.